The Iris Haynei flower, was first found in 1876 and is endemic to the Gilboa Mountains. It is a protected flower, and grows in the Gilboa nature reserve in Samaria. The flower is known locally as the Gilboa iris.
The Sarach Stream is located in the Upper Galilee; the stream is shady with a stalactite cave and the ruins of the Da’Neela village. The hike is about 5 kilometers long, and is an easy family hike of about 4 hours.
Nahal Kziv is a perennial stream in the Upper Galilee, in the Kziv nature reserve. The 20 kilometer long stream flows westward from the Meron mountain.
Nahal Betzet is a stream in the Upper Galilee in Israel. The stream runs through the Betzet nature reserve. The Betzet stream is the northernmost stream in Israel which empties into the Mediterranean Sea within Israel borders.
All that remains of the Keshet Cave is a huge arch. Most of the roof of the cave collapsed sometime in the past, but the immense arch provides a view of the Mediterranean, the Betzet Creek, and the Carmel Mountain ridge. Rappelling from the arch is very popular, due to the 50 meter drop on both sides of the arch.
Metsad Abirim, the “fort of knights”, is the remains of a Crusader building in the Galilee. The building was made of large stones with a border around the edges; it was probably a fort or fortified farmhouse. The site is known as the Fort of Knights because the inhabitants were probably knights.
This hike is in the southern part of the Gilboa Mountains. It is approximately four hours long, and of moderate difficulty. The highlight of the trail is the Khirbet Ner ruins, named forking Saul’s army leader, Avner ben Ner.
Ya’ar Bar’am is located in the Upper Galilee near Kibbutz Bar’am. The forest is cool even in the heat of the summer, where only dappled sunlight lights the forest floor.
Shvil Hapisga, the Peak Trail, is a circular family hike near the peak of the Meron mountain. The hike is through a forest, with lookouts over the Golan, Galilee, Hula Valley, and Lebanon.
Monfort Castle is the ruins of a 13th century Crusader fortress in the Upper Galilee in Israel. The fortress is located in the Nahal Kziv nature reserve. The ruins of the fortress, perched majestically on a cliff above the Kziv river, are a popular tourist site.
The Iyon (Ayoun) Nature Reserve is located in the Upper Galilee (Galil in Hebrew). The Iyon Stream (Nahal Iyon) begins in the Iyon Valley in Lebanon, about 10 kilometers north of the nature reserve. The stream flows strongly in the winter and spring months, but in the summer it is diverted for farming. The Iyon stream is one of the tributaries to the Sea of Galilee (Kineret Sea)