Category Archives: Jerusalem museums

Yad VaShem Museum Complex – Yad VaShem Holocaust Museum

Yad Vashem is Israel’s official Holocaust Museum. The original museum was established in 1953. The museum complex contains the holocaust history museum, hall of remembrance, museum of holocaust art, children’s memorial, and a research institute. Yad VaShem’s goals include education, documentation, commemoration, and research of the Holocaust.

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Israel Museum – Dead Sea scrolls, art, and archaeology in the Israel Museum

The Israel Museum, located in Jerusalem, was founded in 1965 as the national museum. The museum has collections of art, archaeology, and Judaica. The museum has a youth wing, a display of Jerusalem during the second temple period, and a display of the Dead Sea scrolls.

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L. A. Mayer Museum for Islamic Art – watch collection, art, and history in museum of Islamic Art

The L. A. Mayer Museum for Islamic Art was founded by philanthropist Vera Bryce Salomons. It was founded in memory of her friend and teacher, Professor Leo Aryeh Mayer, rector of the Hebrew University and a scholar of Islamic art. The museum opened to the public in 1974.

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Ammunition Hill Museum and Memorial – Givat HaTachmoshet Museum

Ammunition Hill, known as Givat HaTachmoshet in Hebrew, was the most heavily fortified Jordanian stronghold in 1967. It was also the site of one of the fiercest battles during the six day war. When the Israeli paratroopers captured the hill, the liberation of the old city of Jerusalem was possible.

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Herodian Quarter – Herodian archaeological museum – Wohl Archaeological Museum in Jerusalem

The Herodian Quarter, which is the largest roofed archaeological site in Israel, encompasses over 2700 square meters and the remains of 6-7 large houses from the second temple period. When the Jewish quarter was rebuilt from 1969-1982, the remains of second temple period homes were found at the site of the Yeshivat HaKotel building. Photographs of the excavations can be seen in the museum.

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Rabbi Kook Museum – Home and Study Hall of Rabbi Kook, the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of Israel

Abraham Isaac Kook (HaRav Avraham Yitzchak HaCohen Kook, in Hebrew) was born in 1865 in Griva, Latvia. He studied in the Volozhin Yeshiva from the time he was nineteen. At the age of 30, he became the rabbi of Bausk. While being deeply religious, he was a Zionist and a mystic, concerned with the well being of other Jews. In 1904, he came to Ottoman Palestine where he became chief rabbi of Jaffa city. After the First World War, he became the chief rabbi of Jerusalem; two years later he became the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of British Palestine.

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Chamber of the Holocaust – Jerusalem holocaust museum on Mount Zion

The Chamber of the Holocaust is the oldest museum dedicated to the commemoration of the horrors of the holocaust. This museum was built in 1949 by Holocaust survivors. It is located on Mount Zion, known in Hebrew as Har Tzion, just outside the old city of Jerusalem.

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Jerusalem Archaeological Park – Davidson Center in Jerusalem’s old city

The Jerusalem Archaeological Park includes the southern section of the western wall as well as the southern retaining wall of the temple mount, in addition to the excavations alongside these walls. The Davidson Center, located in an ancient Umayyad palace, has a museum which provides additional information, displays, and context for the archaeological garden.

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The Wolfson Museum of Jewish Art – Jewish ceremonial art in Jerusalem

The Wolfson Museum of Jewish Art has a collection of antique Jewish artifacts from Jewish communities around the world. These include Chanuka menorahs, miniature models of synagogues made of matchsticks, a display on Jewish holiday customs from various countries, and a display of Jewish ceremonial art for birth and wedding ceremonies.

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Ariel Center of the History of the First Temple Period – museum of first temple period in Jerusalem

The Ariel Center for the History of the First Temple Period has three exhibits.

The first illustrates life in the first temple period. It shows the development the Hebrew characters and writing. This exhibit contains ancient inscriptions from the 7th and 8th centuries BCE. It also shows copies of archaeological findings, such as a plaque engraved with the Priestly blessing, as well as models of a burial cave.

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Museum of Underground Prisoners – Russian Compound Prison

The museum of underground prisoners commemorates the Jewish political prisoners in the time period leading up to the establishment of Israel. These prisoners were active in the Haganah, Lehi (also known as the Stern Group), and Irgun underground groups. The prison depicts the lives of the prisoners and tells their life stories.

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