Anne Frank is one of the most well known victims of the Holocaust, due to her diary which has been printed in many languages throughout the world. From her hiding place in an attic in Amsterdam, Anne could see a chestnut tree through a window. The tree fell in a storm in 2010, and a project was initiated to commemorate Anne and the tree.
The Martyrs’ Forest was planted in 1951 in the Jerusalem Hills. The forest was planted in memory of the Jews killed in the Holocaust, with six million trees planted on both sides of the Kesalon River.
When Joseph’s bones were brought to Israel with the Jewish people, his brothers were buried in Israel as well. Kever Dan ben Yaakov (קבר דן בן יעקב) is located just outside of Bet Shemesh; as usual, with an ancient burial site, there is some doubt as to the veracity of this being his burial site.
Horvat Hanot, also known as Khirbet Hanot, is an old khan from the Mamluk period, located on the ancient Emperor’s Road. The remains of the khan walls survive; a winepress and cistern are located nearby.
Hirbet Madras, known as Churvat Madras in Hebrew, is the remains of an agricultural village located in Park Adulam. The Hirbet Madras ruins include houses, burial caves, hiding caves, a columbarium cave, and a burial pyramid.
Etri ruins are the remains of a second temple village, which was inhabited by Jews for about 800 years. The ruins include mikvehs, a burial cave, a wine press, an oil press, and hiding caves from the Bar-Kochba revolt in 132 CE.
The Scroll of Fire sculpture, Gviley Ha’aish in Hebrew, is a large memorial to the Holocaust, located in the Martyrs Forest in the Judean Hills. The bronze sculpture portrays the trauma of the Holocaust and the rebirth of the Jewish nation. The sculpture, by Nathan Rapoport, was dedicated in 1971, after three and a half years of work.
Castel National Park is a memorial commemorating key battles in Israel’s War of Independence. The mountain commands the western approach to Jerusalem, overlooking the old road to Jerusalem.
Mitzpe Masua is an observation plaza in Park Brittania, near Beit Shemesh. There are many picnic tables in the forest around the observation plaza, and many hikes begin from the plaza.
Mini Israel is a miniature version of Israel, showing all the most significant historical and religious sites in the country.
The Sorek cave was discovered in 1968, when a blast by quarry workers in the area created a hole in the cave. The cave and the surrounding area of Mount Ya’ale, are now a nature reserve and quarrying no longer takes place in the area.