Maale bnei hamoshavim was the first trail in Ein Gedi which was made in recent times. It is named bnei hamoshavim after the youth group which made the trail in 1963. The trail leads from the Nahal Arugot Wadi to the desert plateau above Ein Gedi. The trail is difficult and requires climbing up the rocks at some points.
Nahal Og is the northern most riverbed which drains into the Dead Sea. Located just south of route 1 from Jerusalem to the Dead Sea, it is easy to reach for a short but fun hike.
Kibbutz Ein Gedi is located on the ridge above the nature reserve. It was founded in 1956. The kibbutz has a well known spa as well as an internationally acclaimed botanical garden with over 900 species of plants from around the world.
Eretz Breishit (Genesis Land) is a theme park dedicated to biblical times, and geared for children. Scenes from the Torah are enacted in front of you, where the desert is the stage. Visitors to the park are greeted by Eliezer, ride on a camel, and then visit Abraham’s tent for refreshments. Other scenes include Joseph and his brothers just before they throw Joseph into the pit and the matchmaking of Isaac and Rivka.
Masada is an ancient fortress on the top of a flat mountain in the Judean desert near the Dead Sea. Palaces were built atop the fortress by King Herod. Later, after the destruction of the second temple, the fortress was used by Zealots who chose death at their own hands rather than at the hands of the Romans.
The Herodion fortress and palace was built by King Herod in 23 BCE, about 15 kilometers south of Jerusalem, in the Judean desert. The site is known as Herodium National Park (Herodion in Hebrew).
The Einot Tzukim Nature Reserve is the lowest nature reserve in the world. It consists of three parts, the closed reserve on the north, the open reserve in the middle, and the hidden reserve on the South. The closed reserve is completely closed off to visitors, to protect the native fauna and flora of the area. The middle area includes pools of mineral water for bathing in, lined by high shady foliage. The hidden reserve can be entered only with a guide; Guided tours are generally available on weekends, but can be arranged at any time.
Nahal Prat is a canyon created by a riverbed running from North of Jerusalem to the Jordan River above the Dead Sea. It is located in the Judean desert. Nahal Prat, also refered to as Wadi Kelt, has three main springs. Ein Prat, also known as Ein Fara, is the upper spring. Ein Fawwar, also known as Ein Maboa, is the middle spring. Ein Kelt is the lower spring. The Prat River is also fed by flash floods in Israel’s Judean hills.
St. George’s Monastery is a Greek Orthodox monastery located in the gorge of Wadi Kelt. The Monastery began in the 4th century by a few monks, but was built in the late 5th century. It was then destroyed in 614, restored by the Crusaders in 1179, but ignored when the Crusaders left the holy land.
In 70 CE, Rome destroyed Jerusalem and the Jewish revolt against Rome ended. Some zealots fled Jerusalem to Herod’s fortress at Masada.
Ein Maboa, also known as En Fawwar, is the middle spring of the Wadi Kelt riverbed. The riverbed collects rain water and the water from three springs, carrying the water from Jerusalem to the Jordan River.
Nahal Prat, also known as Wadi Kelt, is a riverbed which runs from Jerusalem to the Jordan River. The river is fed by rainwater as well as from three springs. The last spring, closest to the Jordan River, is called Ein Kelt.
Shvil HaRatz is an alternative hike to the snake path up Masada. The path is 3 kilometers long, taking you around the northern side of the mountain and up the Roman Path, known in Hebrew as Shvil HaSolela.